Cognitive Model Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)


This worksheet presents a cognitive model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) adapted from Ehlers and Clark's (2000) model. This is an incredibly flexible model which identifies three maintenance mechanisms which serve to prolong distress in PTSD:

  • Memories having 'unprocessed' properties which mean they are more likely to be experienced as involuntarily intrusive
  • Beliefs regarding the trauma, the self, others, and the future which can lead to intense emotional reactions
  • Coping strategies (e.g. avoidance) which may be maladaptive

The worksheet includes multiple variations of varying complexity, and includes worked examples illustrating idiosyncratic PTSD reactions.

Cognitive Model Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Key references