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Cognitive bias

Human beings are processing information all of the time. Cognitive bias refers to the ability that we all have to distort the information that we take in. Different clinical conditions are associated with different patterns of cognitive bias. For example, anxiety disorders are associated with 'threat focused' cognitive biases, while depressed patients may be less able to identify positive information. Cognitive bias can affect different stages of information processing, including perception and memory.

Key references

  • Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford
  • Burns, D. D. (1980. Feeling good. New York: Avon Books