Rumination Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (RFCBT)

Repetititve thinking is a critical transdiagnostic mechanism. We can conceptualise repetitive thinking about the future as 'worry', and repetitive thinking about the past as 'rumination'. Such repetitive thinking can be a maintainance factor in anxiety and depression.

Rumination worksheets




Key reading

  • Watkins, E. R. (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. Journal of Rational-Emotive Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 27, 160-175 nih.gov
  • Watkins, E. R. (2016). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Guilford Publications.