Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), trauma, and dissociative disorders



The US Department of Veterans Affairs maintain an up-to-date list of assessment tools and measures for PTSD. My preferred self-report measure is the recently-updated PCL-5, and the CAPS-5 remains the gold standard interview measure for PTSD.


Treatment guides


Treatments for PTSD include:

Some helpful intervention materials for PTSD

Information handouts

Exercises, Worksheets & Workbooks (Grounding techniques)

PTSD is characterised by flashbacks and dissociation. Grounding techniques are essential to help people remain focused and in the present. They can be used to prevent arousal from getting too high during trauma reprocessing.


Recommended Reading

These papers are recommended reading if you intend to work with PTSD. Ehlers & Clark (2000) present a comprehensive cognitive model, Grey et al (2002) present a framework for working with the meaning of the worst moments, and Brewin et al (1996) present a model for understanding what is happening to memory in PTSD.

Complex PTSD

Complex PTSD (cPTSD) has been a somewhat disputed diagnostic category. Some argue that it is simply a severe form of PTSD, whereas others believe that it represents a distinct cluster. DSM5 has a single PTSD category with degrees of severity, ICD-11 is expected to have PTSD and complex PTSD categories.

Other papers